Liver Cancer Surgery in Indore

Liver cancer surgery, also known as hepatic surgery or hepatectomy, is a crucial treatment option for patients diagnosed with liver cancer. It involves the surgical removal of cancerous tumors or affected parts of the liver. This procedure is considered when the cancer is localized and has not spread to other organs, providing the best chance of cure or long-term disease control. In this article, we will delve into the details of liver cancer, its types, indications, procedures, and post-operative care.

Indications for Liver Cancer Surgery:

Cancer surgery is typically recommended for patients who have localized liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma or HCC) with no significant spread to other parts of the body. Factors such as the tumor size, location, and the overall health of the patient play a crucial role in determining the suitability for surgery. Patients with healthy liver function and minimal underlying liver disease are better candidates for surgery.

Types of Liver Cancer Surgery:

Partial Hepatectomy: This is the most common type of liver cancer surgery, where only the tumor and a small portion of the healthy liver tissue surrounding it are removed. The remaining liver tissue regenerates over time, restoring liver function.

Total Hepatectomy and Liver Transplant: In cases where the tumor is extensive and involves a significant portion of the liver, a total hepatectomy may be performed, followed by a liver transplant using a healthy donor liver. This procedure is considered for patients with small tumors or early-stage cancer who are eligible for liver transplantation.

Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) and Microwave Ablation: These minimally invasive techniques are used to destroy small liver tumors by delivering heat to the tumor tissue using radiofrequency or microwave energy.

The Liver Cancer Surgery Procedure:

Cancer surgery is a major operation that requires a skilled surgical team and advanced facilities. Before the surgery, the patient undergoes thorough pre-operative evaluations, including imaging scans and blood tests, to assess liver function and tumor characteristics.

During the procedure, the patient is put under general anesthesia, and an incision is made in the abdomen to access the liver. The surgeon carefully removes the tumor or affected liver segments while preserving as much healthy liver tissue as possible. In more complex cases, blood vessel reconstruction may be required to maintain proper blood flow in the liver.

Post-Operative Care and Recovery:

Following liver cancer, the patient is closely monitored in the intensive care unit (ICU) for a few days. Pain management, wound care, and prevention of postoperative complications are prioritized during this critical phase. The patient is encouraged to start moving and walking as soon as possible to aid in recovery.

Recovery from liver cancer may take several weeks, during which time the patient will need to follow a specific diet, avoid heavy lifting, and gradually resume normal activities. Regular follow-up appointments and imaging scans are essential to monitor the patient’s progress and detect any potential recurrence.

Risks and Complications:

As with any major surgical procedure, liver cancer surgery carries certain risks, including bleeding, infection, blood clots, and adverse reactions to anesthesia. Additionally, the removal of a significant portion of the liver can lead to temporary or permanent liver dysfunction, although the liver has a remarkable ability to regenerate.

Cancer surgery is a crucial treatment option for patients with localized liver cancer, offering the potential for cure or long-term disease control. It requires a skilled surgical team, thorough patient evaluation, and post-operative care to ensure the best possible outcomes. If you or a loved one is facing liver cancer, consult with a qualified Liver cancer surgeon in Indore or a healthcare professional to discuss the most suitable treatment approach tailored to your specific condition and medical history.