Laws Related to Liver Transplant

  • A Coordination Committee is constituted by the State Government to oversee all transplant-related issues
  • Only licensed hospitals can conduct liver transplants
  • All liver transplants require prior approval from the Competent Authority/Hospital-based Authorization Committee/ State Authorization Committee.
  • Live donation from “near relative” – spouse, son, daughter, father, mother, brother, sister, grandfather, grandmother, grandson or granddaughter is encouraged
  • Cadaver transplant is encouraged for brain-dead persons
  • Where any human organ, tissue, or both are to be removed from the body of the person in the event of his brain stem death, such removal requires the approval of the board of medical experts in the manner prescribed by the Act and the Rules thereunder.
  • In the event of the donor and recipient being ‘near relatives’ and either of them is a foreign national, the approval of the State Authorization Committee or Hospital-based Authorization Committee, (constituted as per the Act and Rules) is mandatory.
  • Unrelated donors who donate for altruistic reasons should be cleared by the authorization committee duly appointed by the Government
  • There shall be no money transactions between donor and recipient. The Act prescribes punishment for persons who are commercially dealing in human organs and also for the removal of human organs without authority.